Earnings Per Share - EPS


Earnings Per Share - EPS

The portion of a company's profit allocated to each outstanding share of common stock. Earnings per share serves as an indicator of a company's profitability.

Calculated as:

Earnings Per Share (EPS)


When calculating, it is more accurate to use a weighted average number of shares outstanding over the reporting term, because the number of shares outstanding can change over time. However, data sources sometimes simplify the calculation by using the number of shares outstanding at the end of the period.

Diluted EPS expands on basic EPS by including the shares of convertibles or warrants outstanding in the outstanding shares number.

Earnings per share is generally considered to be the single most important variable in determining a share's price. It is also a major component used to calculate the price-to-earnings valuation ratio.

For example, assume that a company has a net income of $25 million. If the company pays out $1 million in preferred dividends and has 10 million shares for half of the year and 15 million shares for the other half, the EPS would be $1.92 (24/12.5). First, the $1 million is deducted from the net income to get $24 million, then a weighted average is taken to find the number of shares outstanding (0.5 x 10M+ 0.5 x 15M = 12.5M).

An important aspect of EPS that's often ignored is the capital that is required to generate the earnings (net income) in the calculation. Two companies could generate the same EPS number, but one could do so with less equity (investment) - that company would be more efficient at using its capital to generate income and, all other things being equal, would be a "better" company. Investors also need to be aware of earnings manipulation that will affect the quality of the earnings number. It is important not to rely on any one financial measure, but to use it in conjunction with statement analysis and other measures.


Investment dictionary. . 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • earnings per share — noun plural BUSINESS a number that expresses how much a company pays its stockholders for every SHARE in the company that they own …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • basic earnings per share — The earnings per share calculated by dividing the earnings for a financial period by the number of shares in issue without taking into account any obligations that the company has outstanding that would lead to dilution. Compare: fully diluted… …   Accounting dictionary

  • headline earnings per share — A form of earnings per share information provided by the Institute of Investment Management and Research. The Institute figure includes all the trading profits and losses for the year, including interest and profits and losses from operations… …   Accounting dictionary

  • fully diluted earnings per share — A notional calculation carried out by companies to warn shareholders of potential deterioration of earnings per share in the future as a result of new shares being issued by the company on the exercise of convertibles, warrants or options already …   Financial and business terms

  • diluted earnings per share — See: fully diluted earnings per share …   Accounting dictionary

  • primary earnings per share — See: fully diluted earnings per share …   Accounting dictionary

  • diluted earnings per share — See fully diluted earnings per share …   Big dictionary of business and management

  • primary earnings per share — See fully diluted earnings per share …   Big dictionary of business and management

  • Полностью разводненная прибыль на акцию (FULLY DILUTED EARNINGS PER SHARE)  — 1 Сумма прибыли на каждую акцию с учетом максимальной суммы возможных конвертации конвертируемых ценных бумаг, фондовых опционов, купонов и неоплаченных контрактов на покупку акций.  2 Сумма текущей прибыли на акцию, отражающая максимальное… …   Словарь терминов по управленческому учету

  • Прибыль на акцию (EARNINGS PER SHARE)  — Отношение чистой прибыли держателей обыкновенных акций (чистая прибыль минус дивиденды по привилегированным акциям) к среднему количеству невыкупленных обыкновенных акций. Сумма может показываться, включая или не включая эквиваленты обыкновенных… …   Словарь терминов по управленческому учету

  • per-share — ˌper ˈshare adjective per share earnings/​profit/​gain etc FINANCE the amount of profit made by a company for each of its shares: • a 42% decline in per share earnings * * * per share UK US adjective ► FINANCE used to describe a company s profit… …   Financial and business terms